Before the Romans Lincoln was home to the Corieltauvi. Their name in part means “land of many rivers” and with them choosing to live (amongst other places) around Brayford Pool at the confluence of the Till and Witham you can see why! There is little doubt that Brayford Pool which was much more extensive at that time holds the secret to the decision to settle in Lincoln, it was at the heart of a major waterways nexus.

The stem word lindo is a pre-Roman word meaning pool and could well have influenced the original naming of the settlement. The celtic lineage of this name is very extensive – Dublin means “Blackpool” for example. Although “bypassed” much later by the industrial revolution, Lincoln in Roman times became the centre of road and water communications with the Fosse Way and Ermine Street being added to its waterway focus by the Romans. Both routes are still used extensively. This is why for a time it was one of the four biggest settlements in the province, along with York, London and Cirencester. None of this might have happened without the mysterious Corieltauvi. Most recent archaeology emphasises the continuity between earlier iron age and Roman settlements rather than seeing the Romans as establishing the blueprint for what followed. The Coriletauvi had their base in Leicester but covered the whole of the East Midlands- they have left very few clues to their culture and existence but we do have some intriguing coins.